Post Concussion Syndrome (PCS)
Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)/ Post Concussion Syndrome (PCS) TBIs range from mild concussions to severe and functionally devastating head injuries. While most patients recover quickly from mild concussions, those with persistent symptoms often find themselves struggling to return to their normal activities. A third of patients with mild TBI have cognitive deficits that persist for several months post injury (McMahon, 2014). Cognitive deficits related to concentration/ attention, problem solving, memory, and impulse control can be effectively treated by occupational therapists who are experienced with this population. Balance problems related to post traumatic vestibular dysfunction can be improved through specialized vestibular rehabilitation (Gurley et al, 2013). Preliminary studies have shown that properly dosed aerobic exercise may improve normal cerebral blood flow in patients with PCS (Leddy et al, 2013). Patients with more severe TBI can experience problems with executive function, awareness and visual spatial skills (Rabinowitz). Neurological physical and occupational therapists work together to treat the cognitive as well as the physical impairments in order to expedite return to work and leisure.
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